Calling for release of arbitrarily detained human rights defenders in Syria

Wednesday, March 19, 2014
His Excellency Dr. Bashar Ja’afari Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations The Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations 820 Second Avenue, 15th Floor New York, NY 10017 Dear Ambassador, I am writing on behalf of Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE), a non-profit, non-governmental organization that works to promote and protect press freedom and freedom of expression around the world. CJFE adds its voice to the Gulf Centre for Human Rights and the undersigned signatories in demanding that the Syrian government immediately and unconditionally released the arbitrarily detained human rights defender Mazen Darwish and his colleagues Hani Al-Zitani and Hussein Ghareer. The United Nations Security Council demanded the release of all arbitrarily detained people in Syria on February 22, 2014. Darwish and his colleagues, held in violation of international standards by government authorities for over two years, are in the Adra central prison in Damascus pending trial before the Anti-Terrorism Court. On March 10, the head of the Anti-Terrorism Court postponed the men’s trial for the seventh consecutive time, to March 24. The latest postponement was reportedly because a trial judge was sick but previous postponements were due to the government’s failure to present evidence against the three men. The trial has failed to comply with international fair trial standards, the organizations said. The detainees have not seen the evidence against them, and fear that evidence extracted under torture may be used against them. There have also been excessive delays. Syrian Air Force Intelligence arrested the three men on February 16, 2012, in Damascus, when officers raided the offices of the Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM), a key local nongovernmental organization working to disseminate information regarding the human rights situation in Syria. The government has brought terrorism charges against the three men for their work at SCM, and despite credible reports that security forces subjected them to torture while in detention, there has been no investigation into the abuses. Their ongoing detention is a part of a wider campaign of threats and harassment against human rights defenders in Syria which appears intended to prevent them from carrying out their legitimate and peaceful human rights work, the organizations said. Despite repeated calls by the international community, including the United Nations, for the release of the three human rights defenders, the authorities have refused to release them. A May 15, 2013 UN General Assembly resolution included a demand for their immediate release and on January 14, 2014, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention found their detention to be arbitrary and called for their release. The Syrian authorities should immediately carry out UN Security Council Resolution 2139 adopted on February 22, 2014, the organizations said. The resolution demands the immediate end of arbitrary detention, torture, kidnappings, abductions, and forced disappearances and the release of all arbitrarily detained persons. In so doing, the government should immediately and unconditionally release and drop all charges against Darwish, Ghareer, and Al-Zitani. The UN Security Council and the international community, in particular countries supportive of the Syrian government, should press for the immediate and unconditional release of all those currently arbitrarily detained, the organizations said. The 61 organizations are: 1. Albadeel for studies and research/ Jordan 2. Amnesty International 3. Ana Press 4. Arab Foundation for Development and Citizenship 5. Arab Working Group for Media Monitoring 6. Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) 7. Article 19 8. Asharq Center (Saudi Arabia) 9. Assyrian Human Rights Network 10. Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR) 11. Bahrain Human Rights Society (BHRS) 12. Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights ( BYSHR ) 13. Cairo Institute for Human rights Studies (CIHRS) 14. Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) 15. Center for Civil Society and Democracy in Syria 16. Cham Center For Democratic and Human Rights Studies 17. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation 18. Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS) 19. Development for People and Nature Association (DPNA) 20. Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) 21. Freedom Foundation (Yemen) 22. Front Line Defenders 23. Gathered Lawyers Kobani 24. Gulf Centre for Human rights (GCHR) 25. Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries (Hivos) 26. Human Rights Watch (HRW) 27. Institute for War & Peace Reporting (IWPR) 28. International Center For Supporting Rights and Freedoms 29. International Media Support (IMS) 30. International Institute for Nonviolent Action 31. Iraqi Institution for Development 32. Iraqi Intuition for the Civil Development 33. Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association (IJRDA) 34. Iraqi Network for Social Media 35. Itana for Documentation 36. Jordanian Commission for Democratic Culture (JCDC) 37. Kurdish Organization for Human Rights and General Freedom in Syria (DAD) 38. L'Association Saharaouie des Victimes des Graves Violations des Droits de l'Hommes Commises par l'Etat Marocain (ASVDH) 39. Lawyers for Lawyers (L4L) 40. Maharat 41. Media International Support (IMS) 42. Monitor of Human Rights in Oman 43. Monitor of Human Rights on Saudi Arabia 44. My Right Syrian Organization for Woman And Children 45. Nooraldine Zaza Cutural Centre- Iraqi Kurdistan 46. Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) 47. Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) 48. Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms (MADA) 49. PAX for Peace 50. PEN International 51. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) 52. Samir Kassir Foundation - SKeyes Center for Media and Cultural Freedom 53. Syrian Al Karama Media Center 54. Syrian Center for Legal Studies and Research 55. Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM) 56. Syrian Network for Human Rights 57. Syrian Observer 58. Syrian Women for Development 59. The Day After Association 60. Violation Documentation Center in Syria (VDC) 61. Yemen Organization for Defending Rights & Democratic Freedoms We thank you for your attention and I look forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Arnold Amber, CJFE President Cc: The Honourable John Baird, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs

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